Sailors and Tales from Salem MA

Derby_Wharf_BoatsDid Viking sailors come to Salem? They have found Roman coins in Beverly and Manchester on the beaches either brought by Vikings or an earlier traveler. There are the tales of Lief Erikson’s brother Thorfin being murdered by Natives near Bass Rocks in Gloucester, the hotel there used to be named after him.

Then we have the stories of Prince Henry Sinclair sailing to Salem looking for Vinland and his knight Sir James Gunn who dies in Westford MA. Gunn is now known as the Westford Knight and his effigy still lies in Westford. The mascot for Salem State University is a Viking. On Baker’s Island, there is the Northman Rock.

Then we have Professor Eben Norton Horsford. Horsford was a Harvard professor who patented our current formula for Baking Powder. He believed Boston was Norumbega. To commemorate his beliefs he had the Lief Erikson statue erected in Boston and the Norumbega Tower built at the mouth of Stony Brook. Across from it was Norumbega Park. Most of it is now the Newton Marriott. Horsford also believed that the Dighton Rock in the Taunton River by Fall River had Viking runes on it. Now it is in Berkley, MA. The museum who owns the stone thinks it was Portuguese who were dropped to these shores by the Phoenicians who carved it. They might have been the guys who dropped the Roman coins… Longfellow was part of the original group to build the Lief Erikson Statue, on the Longfellow Bridge are Viking Ships.  In fact, many of the Transcendentalist believed they did.

Most of the sailors from Salem were scoundrels and smugglers who dug tunnels to avoid duties that went on to shape all the horrible parts of our government at its foundation, including a cession movement. Still, a few of them have some humorous stories that dance in and out of each other.

Jacob Crowninshield brought the Stoned Elephant to town. The privateer Fame was owned by many who decided to paint it pink… Just like the color of the Elephant, at times.

Captain West fought his wife and her brother Elias Hasket Derby Jr. (He extended the tunnels throughout the town in 1801) on Derby Wharf after their father left the wharf to West. Elizabeth Derby and Nathaniel West had the most infamous divorce in the nineteenth century.  Their mansion Oak Hill is where the North Shore Mall is now on Rt 128.

John Derby jumped ship first to tell England we started the Revolution and was the first to sail back to tell them it was over.

George Crowninshield Jr. (His father’s house is where the Custom House is. When they built the Custom House, not only did they leave the basement intact with the tunnels attached to it, they added a few more) built Cleopatra’s Barge. There was talk this ship helped Napoleon escape from his island prison. Who knows, there is a rumor that Napoleon visited his brother Joseph at Bordenton NJ at Point Breeze.

Joseph Napoleon’s mansion had several tunnels leading to the Delaware River. His park attached to his estate is the basis for Central Park designed by Olmsted. Olmsted is famous in Boston for the Emerald Necklace. He also designed Forest River Park and planted some trees in the Common. Henry Clay, John Quincy Adams, and Daniel Webster visited Point Breeze, I wonder if they compared the Tunnels in Salem that run around the Common to his. All these men were always walking through Salem’s tunnels.

Captain West is connected to the Bonaparte’s as well. The other side of the family. Before Joseph Bonaparte became king of Naples and Spain, his brother Lucien resided there who was openly against Napoleon. Captain West after the Embargo Act was lifted sailed to Naples. The Embargo Act was created by Jefferson to prevent American sailors and ships from being stolen during the Napoleonic Wars by the French and English. When it was lifted, West sailed his ship Minerva to Naples and was captured by Admiral Marat in Napoleon’s navy. He was set free if he would sail Lucien Bonaparte to Malta, but they were captured by the English and they were all made heroes once they sailed to Liverpool.

Three other ships Marat captured were owned by Joseph White, Joseph Knapp Sr., and Richard Crowninshield Sr. This would lead to the murder that influenced the game Clue and Edgar Allan Poe’s Tell-Tale Heart. Knapp and Crowninshield, who were Democrats, realized their folly and Jefferson’s wisdom and insulted White who was a Federalist. Add to this Knapp’s wife gave birth to a son named Joseph after he lost White’s baby, the ship Revenge. Mrs. White died leaving Joseph without an heir. In his own death, White had his revenge against his business partners by having their sons hanged for his own murder after having his nephew hire a man named Palmer to murder him. The nephew created the Whig party with Daniel Webster and Henry Clay of the Great Triumphant. Stephen White was behind John Quincy Adams failed election against Andrew Jackson.

The Federalists hated Jefferson and his Embargo Act so much they refused to fight the War of 1812. Most of New England refused to fight the war. Salem did build one ship for the war, but it fought in the Pacific instead of the Atlantic where the war was going on. Admiral Porter attacked whaling ships, had a genocide or two on Polynesian islands, and got caught during a civil war in Chile headed by an Irish man. In fact, Timothy Pickering from Salem and his Essex Junto lead the cession movement that ended at the Hartford Convention. Members of the convention went to Washington afterward to tell them about them siding with the British, but Andrew Jackson defeated the army that defeated Napoleon at Waterloo and John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay had signed the peace Treaty in Ghent before they arrived with their demands. During the war, the Federalist group East India Marine Society (Founders of the Peabody Essex Museum) debated if they should visit the corpse of Admiral Lawrence who was killed in the war. Lawrence was from the same town Joseph Bonaparte lived in NJ.

Elias Hasket Derby Jr. lost his share of the 36th largest estate in American history in 2 years which prompted him to extend the tunnels in town and be paid for by all of the future smugglers. He ends his carrier as a sheep farmer after having a failed voyage to Europe which ended well as Napoleon’s forces headed by his brother Joseph scared 2,000 sheep around his feet on a mountain in Spain. So thanks to the man who built underground tunnels, America did not have to have scratchy underwear anymore since merino wool was a lot smoother.

Aaron Burr worked with Timothy Pickering in his cession plots, as did Hamilton. Some say Hamilton’s falling out with the Essex Junto led to their duel. Burr jumped ship from the group and decided to become the king of western America, but was caught by Jefferson. Cleopatra’s Barge? She was sold to the King of Hawaii. When asked how open the King was to religion one said,

“If you want to know how Religion stands at the Islands I can tell you — All sects are tolerated but the King worships the Barge.”

So that is a few tales of the sailors from Salem. More tales like this can be found in the books Sub Rosa, Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City, and Murder on the Common.

Murder on the Common is the newest from Salem House Press. The tale of how everyone’s favorite immortal solves the murder of the most notorious case in the nineteenth century. The first novel of the Sinclair Narratives published in Arkham: Tales from the Flipside.

By the way, Blackbeard’s skull is in Salem, even though he never came here during his life…

Book Early for October in Salem!

Salem Smugglers’ Tour

Chris Dowgin near Salem ArmoryTake the tour based on the books Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City and Sub Rosa by your tour guide Chris Dowgin. Learn how a series of tunnels made for gentlemen who had shaped our country led to fortunes that controlled our nation’s banking, shaped our Constitution, brought the first drunk elephant to America, assassinated three presidents, and much much more!!! Also learn about the real murder behind the game Clue!
More than Witches!!!
Salem Smugglers’ Tour
http://www.salemtunneltour.com

Book Early for October in Salem!

Salem Smugglers’ Tour

Chris Dowgin near Salem ArmoryTake the tour based on the books Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City and Sub Rosa by your tour guide Chris Dowgin. Learn how a series of tunnels made for gentlemen who had shaped our country led to fortunes that controlled our nation’s banking, shaped our Constitution, brought the first drunk elephant to America, assassinated three presidents, and much much more!!! Also learn about the real murder behind the game Clue!
More than Witches!!!
Salem Smugglers’ Tour
http://www.salemtunneltour.com

Book Early for October in Salem!

Salem Smugglers’ Tour

Chris Dowgin near Salem ArmoryTake the tour based on the books Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City and Sub Rosa by your tour guide Chris Dowgin. Learn how a series of tunnels made for gentlemen who had shaped our country led to fortunes that controlled our nation’s banking, shaped our Constitution, brought the first drunk elephant to America, assassinated three presidents, and much much more!!! Also learn about the real murder behind the game Clue!
More than Witches!!!
Salem Smugglers’ Tour
http://www.salemtunneltour.com

Old Bet the Stoned Elephant

Something from the Devil?

Stoned Elephant departing boat at NYC

Jacob Crowninshield a representative in Congress from Salem purchased the first elephant to be shipped to America. On the journey there was a threat that the elephant would drink all of the water, so they gave all the beer to her and sailors got the water. By the time she got to NYC she was pink from being drunk so long; hence we have the term pink elephants.

The Stoned Elephant toured America and would drink a beer for a nickel and a keg for a dime. Later she was rescued by Hachaliah Bailey of Ringling Brothers & Barnum & Bailey Circus and renamed Old Bet who became his star attraction. Then when traveling in Maine many years later, a farmer thought she was something from the devil and shot her.

Jacob came to a sticky end too; he would spit up blood on the Congress floor and die five days afterward. After a bloody campaign Joseph Story who was the Crowninshield personal lawyer would beat out Benjamin Crowninshield for the Congress seat who was on his brother-in-law Stephen White’s payroll. Story would later move on to become the Superior Court Justice who has shaped our interpretation the most of the Constitution and White would go on to become the man behind the assassination of President William Harrison.

To hear more stories like this on the best Salem walking tour book tickets for the Salem Smugglers’ Tour of the historic Salem Common today! Also read Salem Secret Underground and Sub Rosa by Chris Dowgin.

http://www.salemtunneltour.com
More Than Witches!!!

Jolie Tea and the History of the Building

Some Great History and a cup of tea…

Photo of Brown Building on Essex Street in Salem, MAAt 105 Essex Street this building was built in 1808-1809. Over the years it has been called the Brown, Merchant’s, and Union Building. It is the oldest mixed used building in Salem. Over the years the building has seen Sophia’s Antiques,  The Merchant Bank, and William Stearn’s Apothecary Store. It has also housed schools, religious groups, and professionals in its offices. John Watson was one of the many tenants that had a school in this building. He was the Parker Brothers’ great grandfather. Over the years the most famous personage to live here outside of Sophia Hawthorne was Congressman and once Secretary of the Navy Benjamin Crowninshield.

Merchant Bank of Salem Ma locationsHe was to open his Merchant Bank in the same location as Jolie Tea on the corner of Union and Essex Streets. The lease was $130 a year. The first deposit of specie in their bank was $54,939.90, $23,841 notes printed for their bank, and $20,279.86 of other bank notes. Once they opened those other banks had to redeem their notes and bring their gold and silver to the new bank to exchange for their bills. They opened their doors on October 11th, 1811.

Painting of Benjamin CrowninshieldAlso in this year its founder Crowninshield will build his new mansion which is now the Brookhouse Home for Aged Women.  Both were paid for by British agents who worked with several in Salem to create a new National Bank  after the War of 1812. Many think that the war was brought on for America to incur a war debt forcing them to create a new national bank in which they can sell the majority of the shares to English bankers to handle the debt. 1811 was the year in which The First National Bank of the United States lost its charter. Benjamin Crowninshield would become a director in The Second Bank of the United States after the War in 1816 along with Associate Joseph Story, Senator Nathaniel Silsbee, Stephen White, Joseph White, Thomas Perkins, and Daniel Webster who would become major shareholders in the new bank or directors. All of them received bribes from British agents as well in 1811 and built or bought new mansions.

Photo of Merchant Bank of Salem Ma Bank NotesBenjamin Crowninshield was a State Representative from 1808, 1809, 1810, 1811, and 1821. He served as State Senator 1812, 1822, and 1823. In 1814 he became Secretary of the Navy during the War of 1812.  Later he would become a Member of Congress from 1823-1831.  He would serve as director of The Second Bank of the United States in Boston and Philadelphia.

After Benjamin Crowninshield stepped down as president of the Merchant’s Bank to become Secretary of the Navy, Associate Superior Court Justice Joseph Story becomes president. Story was also a director of The Second National Bank of the United States in Philadelphia and Boston. Story spent 33 years in the Supreme Court and has had the most impact of the Constitutions interpretation till the modern day. He worked tirelessly with Senator Daniel Webster to protect the national bank from all contenders. Story and Webster were agents for Stephen White who was behind the election and assassination of President William Harrison.

The Merchant Bank operated in this location till 1831 when they moved to the Manning Building which was where the offices are for the Peabody Essex Museum is now in the Bowker Block. In time they would also relocate into the corner of Essex and Washington streets in the Northy Building where Army Barracks is now and then the old Asiatic Building which now houses the new restaurant The Ledger.

Engraving of Sophia Peabody HawthorneNow back to Sophia. Sophia was born in this building. During her early years she played with the Hathorne  family, including Nathaniel,  till her parents moved her away. Also her mother taught school in this building. After many years of separation Sophia marries Nathaniel in 1842.

Oh by the way, the tunnel entering this building is just under the backroom of Jolie Tea. Now the furnace built just inside of the tunnel entrance is supplied by air within the tunnel.

Brown Building tunnel in Salem MaSo come and sit down at Jolie Tea and read Salem Secret Underground:The History of the Tunnels in the City and Sub Rosa over a delicious cup of tea (Maybe a scone too…) to find out more about Benjamin Crowninshield, our nation’s banking history, the tunnels in the city, and other amazing ways Salem, MA has shaped American history.

Cover to the book Sub Rosa which is about Tunnels in Salem and those who built them.

The Men Bribed in 1811 by the British to Build the Second Bank of the United States and Their New Manions

Things Never Change…

First National Bank of the united States Boston Branch.

First National Bank Boston Branch built by Charles Bulfinch.

The First National Bank of the United States charter was let lapse in 1811. The bank Alexander Hamilton fought for proved to be only a boon for the British. For they might of lost the Revolutionary War, Hamilton sold 70% of our treasury to them in shares of our new national bank. Which is the reason the bank was let to dissolve as its charter expired. In the same year of the closing of the Old Witch Gaol, the groundbreaking of the new prison, and the second Witchcraft Hysteria agents of Britain entered Salem and bribed Thomas H. Perkins, Senator Nathaniel Silsbee, the head of the Massachusetts Whig Party Stephen White, Senator Daniel Webster, Associate Superior Court Justice Joseph Story, and Joseph White to restore a new national bank so England can control our treasury once more. All of these men will erect or build new mansions that year.

The Rothschilds proclaimed that their investments in the First National Bank of the United States to be restored or they would bring us to a most disastrous war to force us to create a new national bank to handle the war debt, in which they did. A year after the bank’s closure the War of 1812 started. After the war in 1816 we chartered the Second Bank of the United States. Silsbee, Perkins, Crowninshield, Webster and Story would join Salem’s William Gray  (who served in the first bank) as directors in the new bank’s Boston branch. Story and Silsbee would be directors in  the main branch in Philadelphia as well.

Below are the faces and mansions they built:

Benjamin Crowninshield a mjor figure in th enovel Sub Rosa.

Benjamin Crowninshield

Benjamin Crowninshield House

Opium dealer Thomas Perkins featured in th ebook Sub Rosa.

Opium Dealer Thomas H. Perkins. Went from slave trader to opium dealer.

Thomas Perkins House at 7 Ash Street.

Possibly Captain Joseph White or Captain Joseph “Jr.” White his nephew who preceded him in death.

Joseph White Murder Salem MA

Captain Joseph White being murdered by his nephew Steven White in 1830.

Joseph White bought this house in 1811 which would be the house he was murdered in during the year 1830. This is the mansion from the game Clue.

Senator Nathaniel Silsbee.

Nathaniel Silsbee House.

Daniel Webster a character in Sub Rosa.

Daniel Webster. His son marries Stephen White’s daughter and his brother-in-law marries the other daughter. Webster prosecuted innocent men for Stephen White to get away with murdering his uncle. The two would go on to assassinate President Harrison.

Joseph Story Smuggler in Salem MA

The man who shaped the Constitution, Associate Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story. Brother-in-law to Stephen White. He is the most responsible for the interpretation of the Constitution we follow.

Judge Joseph story a character in the book Sub Rosa.

Judge Joseph Story House.

Ground was broken in 1811 for the new jail that was to replace the one from the Witchcraft Hysteria. None of the above would ever spend time here besides Stephen White who was on the state prison commission.

The Second Bank of the United States would lose its charter in 1836. In 1833 Stephen White was visited by President Jackson at his home off the Common during the Bank Wars. Jackson visited the banker behind Webster, the country’s most powerful senator, and explained to him he was to lose his shares in the bank when the charter lapsed in 1836 because once again the British had over 70% of the shares in the bank. Soon after leaving White’s house he would suffer a failed assassination attempt in name of saving the bank. Secretary of State James Knox Polk would survive a typhoid poisoning, but will later succumb to a similar poisoning 3 months after leaving the White House. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and Stephen White would later promote William Harrison for president and poison him by typhoid a month into office for refusing to create a third national bank. Stephen White will die a few months afterward leaving Clay and Webster to poison Polk and once again raise another to president to create the third bank and poison him when he refuses. Zachary Taylor,  the only Whig president after Harrison, will die 16 months into office of typhoid. During his successor Millard Fillmore’s term Webster and Clay will both die in 1852 without ever seeing a third national bank created. The Whig Party that Clay, White, and Webster created to build the third national bank will fold after their deaths.

Sub Rosa Book CoverTo find out more about our nation’s banking history, how the Federal Reserve works, and the presidential assassinations in hope of creating a third national bank read Sub Rosa. Advance Reader Copies available on Amazon.com and a Jolie Tea in Salem MA

. Official release is July 4th 2017.