Take a Journey on the Salem Smugglers’ Tour

Did You Know the Real Murder behind the Game Clue Led to a Presidential Assassination…

Chris Dowgin tour guide of Salem Smugglers' Tour.

Your guide and Author Chris Dowgin.

Salem’s best kept secret based on the book Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City and Sub Rosa. This is the most original Salem Walking Tour in town that reveals all the secrets under your feet and in American history.

Did you know you can tie the 2008 Financial Collapse, the Federal Reserve, the game Clue, 3 Presidential Assassinations, and our involvement in Iran and Afghanistan to Salem’s past?

Take the Salem Smugglers’ Tour of the historic Salem Common and find out more! http://www.salemtunneltour.com
More Than Witches!!!

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The Philips School and Hocus Pocus

Barbecue Witch Anyone….

This was the location of the school in Hocus Pocus. In 1992 on the 300 year anniversary of the Witchcraft Hysteria Elie Wiesel dedicated the memorial and Disney filmed Hocus Pocus. In this building in the film the three witches are burned in the incinerator. While filming, Disney did not think the Common had enough leaves and colors so they shipped massive dump trucks to the park. Today the steeple is missing on the building, along with most of the steeples in Salem. Also my neighbor Miss Fitzgerald was one of the original teachers in the school who died not too long ago at 99 years old. After knowing her for 15 years I realized she was retired longer than I was alive.

To hear more stories about the Salem Common book a tour on the Salem Smugglers’ Tour of the Historic Common today!

http://www.salemtunneltour.com
More Than Witches!!!

Army Tunnels of the North Shore

Could be Rabbit…

Tunnelling-photo-Hill-60

I just heard a story about a tunnel that led from the National Guard base, Curtis Guild, in Wakefield MA. A friend of mine during a war game found a tunnel on the base, they thought they could come up and out flank their opponent. Instead they were more intrigued with where the tunnel went. So they walked to the Nike site in Danvers and then they walked to Tremont Street right before Mack Park in Salem where the tunnel was blocked off. Sounded like a true story, it might be fabricated? The curious thing though, if it was true, Salem had too many stories to allow the military to walk through their tunnels….
A Salem Cadets

Well in fact it was the Second Corp of Cadets in 1801, the descendants of the first National Guard Unit in the country founded in 1637, who built the tunnels in Salem. Why not keep up the tradition?

For more information on tunnels in Salem and how the city shaped American history read Sub Rosa and Salem Secret Underground: The HIstory of the Tunnels in the City. Available at Barnes & Noble, Amazon.com, and anywhere books are sold! Also eBooks available at www.salemhousepress.com.
Sub Rosa Book CoverSSU2

Tecumseh’s Curse?

Background

Log-Cabin

It all started with the election of William Harrison against Martin Van Buren. The election was the first to use propaganda, slogans, and songs. Two slogans have made it into everyday speech. ‘Keep that ball rolling’ was one of them. Harrison supporters made a large leather and tin ball plastered with slogans they would roll from city to city saying… Another is Booze. Edmund G. Booz had made a whiskey bottle shaped like a log cabin that Harrison supporters handed out. At 67 Harrison was the oldest president ever to be elected until Reagan who was 71. It was said of him, “Give him a barrel of hard cider, and … a pension of two thousand [dollars] a year … and … he will sit the remainder of his days in his log cabin.” So the Whig’s spun it to their side and commissioned E.G. Booze to make the bottles.

“Tippee Canoe and Tyler Too,” was the campaign slogan. Harrison was riding on the fame of the battle at Tippee Canoe where the Indian leader who was called the Prophet was killed. The Prophet, Tenskwatawa, was the brother of Tecumseh. It was Richard Mentor Johnson who was running against Harrison as Van Buren’s Vice President, before he was dropped form the ticket, who many believed was the man who killed Tecumseh. Johnson’s common law wife was Julia Chinn, a slave which he was brought up with. She died 7 years before the election, but the country was not ready for one who was proud of his interracial wife. James Knox Polk would also be dropped from the Van Buren ticket. In the end Van Buren ran with no Vice President. Even though many thought Johnson killed Tecumseh, “Rumpsey Dumpsey, Rumpsey Dumpsey, Colonel Johnson killed Tecumseh”, Harrison would be the first to befall Tecumseh’s Curse.

William Harrison started the election as an Anti-Masonic Party candidate with Daniel Webster. The Anti-Mason Party was absorbed in the campaign by the Whigs and Webster was supplanted by Tyler. Webster was Salem’s candidate with the support of Stephen White who had a personal grudge against Jackson for not renewing the charter on the Second Bank of the United States. White ran Associate Superior Court Justice Joseph White and Webster by the purse strings through a series of political marriages. Story and Webster were directors in the bank. The Anti-Masonic Party was anti-Jackson and the Whigs were even more anti-Jackson who absorbed the party.  Henry Clay founded the party based on English supporters of the Bank of England for the sole purpose of restoring a new national bank after Jackson destroyed the last one.

The Curse

Appletons'_Tecumseh

Tecumseh in his native tongue meant shooting star. Then in 1811 during the War of 1812 a great comet was seen which rose Tecumseh to stardom literally. He was to bring the largest confederacy of natives together that had a training camp at Tippee Canoe. After a defeat they were forced to make ties with the British. During this time Tecumseh led the battle of Detroit by fooling the Americans that he had a force 3 times the size they did by circling the same troops on the fort. At the Battle of the Thames he would be killed, it is believed for they never confirmed his remains or the person who would have killed him.

So what is with his curse? William Harrison, was the oldest president elected at the time, was the first to die from the curse and the current oldest president ever elected was Ronald Reagan who was the last. Harrison died a month in office and Reagan survived 2 terms after a failed assassination. So let’s start closer to the present with the history of the curse.

John Warnock Hinckley Jr. was released on September 10th 2016 from St. Elizabeth in Washington D.C. Garfield’s assassin, Charles Julius Guiteau, and Andrew Jackson’s attempted assassin Richard Lawrence were interned here as well. Lawrence tried killing Jackson in support of the Second National Bank of the United States. Garfield was a supporter of the Gold Standard and investigated the Black Friday Gold Panic Scandal, could someone delude Guiteau to serve their purposes? St. Elizabeth was founded by Dr. Miller who was present at William Harrison’s death of typhoid. For most of its history it has served as the mental asylum for military officers. Augustus Owsley Stanley III was also placed in St. Elizabeth who was The Beatles and Ken Kesey LSD dealer. The hospital will in the near future become the new headquarters for Homeland Defense which came about after September 11th. Hinckley would have been the last assassin to be involved in the curse, but he failed.

The full list of presidents who befell Tecumseh’s Curse:

William Harrison  Poisoned March 26th                                             died April 4th 1841

Zachary Taylor Poisoned July 4th                                                         died July 9th 1850

Abraham Lincoln Shot Good Friday April 14th                                 died April 15th 1865 ?

James A. Garfield shot July 2nd                                                            died September 19th 1881

William McKinley shot September 6th                                               died September 14th 1901

Warren G. Harding Poisoned, Suicide, or Heart Attack                 died August 2nd 1923

Franklin D. Roosevelt Cerebral Hemorrhage March 29th              died April 12th 1945

John F. Kennedy November 26th                                                         Shot dead

Ronald Reagan Shot March 30th 1981                                                Survived

Reagan brought the curse to an end. At the time Russia was sending submarines to invade Poland in response to their Solidarity Movement. Was Reagan thinking of supporting the Poles? The Greatest American Hero just premiered with the main character Ralph Hinckley, later renamed Ralph Hanley. Around the assassination attempt Neil Bush of Standard Oil and Winston Partners ate dinner with Scott Hinckley of Vanderbilt Oil in Denver and brother to the would be assassin. The Hinckleys and Bushs grew up together in Texas.

Another look at the list:

Five were shot.

Four killed by Doctors.

Four were dying in April.

Three were hospitalized in March.

Three possibly poisoned.

Two hospitalized in July.

Two died in September.

Now it all started with Stephen White, Daniel Webster, and Henry Clay’s plan of assassinating their political candidate William Harrison for his refusal of creating a new national bank. After Stephen White’s death in the same year of Harrison, Clay and Webster would go on and kill Zachary Taylor making the second to befall Tecumseh’s Curse. They will also murder James Knox Polk 3 months after he leaves office and 13 month before Taylor’s assassination. So technically Polk does not count in the curse. Polk was murdered for supporting Jackson as Speaker of the House in his removal of the Second Bank of the United States and making an Independent Treasury while he served as president.

Along the way William Harrison lost a child 2 weeks before he became president; Webster, and Clay who did not trust each other would lose several family members mysteriously; Clay and Webster would both die in 1852 without seeing the Third Bank of the United States created.  So many had died and the bank would not be created till 1913.

Was Anyone Else Suspicious?

Has anyone in our century questioned Harrison, Polk, or Taylor’s death? Clara Rising, a former University of Florida professor was studying the life of Zachary Taylor. Upon doing so she began questioning his death. Upon further study she had enough questions and historical evidence to contact Taylor’s closest living relative, John McIlhenny, to ask for his remains to be exhumed.

This would not be the first president to be exhumed. The coffin of Abraham Lincoln, another who suffered Tecumseh’s Curse, was opened 4 times. Most recently on Sept. 26, 1901 to confirm that it contained his remains. Robert Todd Lincoln would be at his father’s death and also present at Garfield’s assassination. Abraham Lincoln was shot on Good Friday…That is a totally different story about his and Booth’s survival…

Zachary Taylor was exhumed on January 17th 1991 with officials, a new flag for his coffin, and 20 onlookers. Some present were other relatives of the dead president. Louise LeBourgeois who was observing was his great-great-great-great-granddaughter.

Rising was not the first to bring his death into debate. In 1978, Hamilton Smith based his assassination theory on the timing of drugs, the lack of confirmed cholera or Typhoid outbreaks, and other material. Also after Lincoln’s death it was widely mentioned he was assassinated just like Taylor.

So that is the skippy on Tecumseh’s Curse…

Sub Rosa Book Cover

To find out more read Sub Rosa and learn more about this and other amazing ways how Salem MA shaped American History up to the present. Advance Readers copies for sale on Amazon.com, Remember Salem, and Jolie Tea.

The Men Bribed in 1811 by the British to Build the Second Bank of the United States and Their New Manions

Things Never Change…

First National Bank of the united States Boston Branch.

First National Bank Boston Branch built by Charles Bulfinch.

The First National Bank of the United States charter was let lapse in 1811. The bank Alexander Hamilton fought for proved to be only a boon for the British. For they might of lost the Revolutionary War, Hamilton sold 70% of our treasury to them in shares of our new national bank. Which is the reason the bank was let to dissolve as its charter expired. In the same year of the closing of the Old Witch Gaol, the groundbreaking of the new prison, and the second Witchcraft Hysteria agents of Britain entered Salem and bribed Thomas H. Perkins, Senator Nathaniel Silsbee, the head of the Massachusetts Whig Party Stephen White, Senator Daniel Webster, Associate Superior Court Justice Joseph Story, and Joseph White to restore a new national bank so England can control our treasury once more. All of these men will erect or build new mansions that year.

The Rothschilds proclaimed that their investments in the First National Bank of the United States to be restored or they would bring us to a most disastrous war to force us to create a new national bank to handle the war debt, in which they did. A year after the bank’s closure the War of 1812 started. After the war in 1816 we chartered the Second Bank of the United States. Silsbee, Perkins, Crowninshield, Webster and Story would join Salem’s William Gray  (who served in the first bank) as directors in the new bank’s Boston branch. Story and Silsbee would be directors in  the main branch in Philadelphia as well.

Below are the faces and mansions they built:

Benjamin Crowninshield a mjor figure in th enovel Sub Rosa.

Benjamin Crowninshield

Benjamin Crowninshield House

Opium dealer Thomas Perkins featured in th ebook Sub Rosa.

Opium Dealer Thomas H. Perkins. Went from slave trader to opium dealer.

Thomas Perkins House at 7 Ash Street.

Possibly Captain Joseph White or Captain Joseph “Jr.” White his nephew who preceded him in death.

Joseph White Murder Salem MA

Captain Joseph White being murdered by his nephew Steven White in 1830.

Joseph White bought this house in 1811 which would be the house he was murdered in during the year 1830. This is the mansion from the game Clue.

Senator Nathaniel Silsbee.

Nathaniel Silsbee House.

Daniel Webster a character in Sub Rosa.

Daniel Webster. His son marries Stephen White’s daughter and his brother-in-law marries the other daughter. Webster prosecuted innocent men for Stephen White to get away with murdering his uncle. The two would go on to assassinate President Harrison.

Joseph Story Smuggler in Salem MA

The man who shaped the Constitution, Associate Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story. Brother-in-law to Stephen White. He is the most responsible for the interpretation of the Constitution we follow.

Judge Joseph story a character in the book Sub Rosa.

Judge Joseph Story House.

Ground was broken in 1811 for the new jail that was to replace the one from the Witchcraft Hysteria. None of the above would ever spend time here besides Stephen White who was on the state prison commission.

The Second Bank of the United States would lose its charter in 1836. In 1833 Stephen White was visited by President Jackson at his home off the Common during the Bank Wars. Jackson visited the banker behind Webster, the country’s most powerful senator, and explained to him he was to lose his shares in the bank when the charter lapsed in 1836 because once again the British had over 70% of the shares in the bank. Soon after leaving White’s house he would suffer a failed assassination attempt in name of saving the bank. Secretary of State James Knox Polk would survive a typhoid poisoning, but will later succumb to a similar poisoning 3 months after leaving the White House. Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, and Stephen White would later promote William Harrison for president and poison him by typhoid a month into office for refusing to create a third national bank. Stephen White will die a few months afterward leaving Clay and Webster to poison Polk and once again raise another to president to create the third bank and poison him when he refuses. Zachary Taylor,  the only Whig president after Harrison, will die 16 months into office of typhoid. During his successor Millard Fillmore’s term Webster and Clay will both die in 1852 without ever seeing a third national bank created. The Whig Party that Clay, White, and Webster created to build the third national bank will fold after their deaths.

Sub Rosa Book CoverTo find out more about our nation’s banking history, how the Federal Reserve works, and the presidential assassinations in hope of creating a third national bank read Sub Rosa. Advance Reader Copies available on Amazon.com and a Jolie Tea in Salem MA

. Official release is July 4th 2017.

Salem Mystery Series Set in Tunnels Using the Surname Dowgin!!!

Grave Errors by Carol Perry Book CoverA Characters Named Dowgin?

My friend Carol Perry has just completed another of her “Witch City Mystery” series. The new one is Grave Errors set inside of Salem on Nov 1st, the Day of the Dead when Salem truly turns into a ghost town. She has graced my family with having characters named after our surname (I hope their good characters). So check out Grave Errors and the other books in the “Witch City Mystery” series which is largely set within Daniel Lowe’s.
One book featured the tunnels she read about in Salem Secret Underground.  I wonder if the tunnels return in this book… She even beat Janet Evanovich in using the book on the tunnels in her mystery series. Evanovich used my research in Wicked Charms set in Salem and Marblehead. Check Carol’s series out now, and then be all caught up when Grave Errors is released!

Here is Carol mentioning me in the Acknowledgements:

Check out Salem Secret Underground: The History of the Tunnels in the City and find out where all the mystery writers are getting their secrets from!

Available at Barnes & Noble, Amazon.com, and various local shops in Salem, MA!

Pre-orders for: Grave Errors on Amazon.com.

The New Deal, Some Heros, and Some Scandals

Little Known Truths…
Cover to the book Sub Rosa which is about Tunnels in Salem and those who built them.

  In January 1932, 25,000 jobless men from Pennsylvania (Cox’s Army) marched to Washington to petition Congress and Hoover to start a job program. Hoover, fearing Communist agitation, ordered an investigation. The investigation discovered that the march was financed by Andrew Mellon.  One way he financed the march was by offering free gas at all of his Gulf gas stations to the protestors so they could drive to the Capitol. McFadden then pressured President Hoover to remove him as  Secretary of the Treasury. Then Mellon became Ambassador to the Court of St. James. Mellon married a daughter of a large stockholder in Guinness. He later divorces her after she had an affair with a British soldier…among many others. Prior to Prohibition Mellon was a large stockholder in what was the country’s largest distillery.

    On July 17, 1932 thousands of WWI veterans converged on the capitol to set up tent camps and demanded immediate payment of bonuses due them according to the Adjusted Service Certificate Law of 1924. Since America’s founding we have always been remised about paying our troops. Remember the Pennsylvania Mutiny of 1783 and the storming of Philadelphia? What about the Newburgh Conspiracy? The worst atrocities to our soldiers happened when we had a national bank.

   Soldiers of WWI were to be paid $1 for every day of service at home and $1.25 for overseas with a cap of $500. Harding and Coolidge had fought against any instant payment scheme. Veterans were able to take out loans against their certificates beginning in 1927. By June 30, 1932, more than 2.5 million veterans had borrowed $1.369 billion when they marched on Washington. There were 3,662,374 Adjusted Service Certificates issued, with a combined face value of $3,638,000,000 (2010: $43.7 billion). Congress established a trust fund to receive 20 annual payments of $112 million that, with interest, would finance the 1945 disbursement of the $3.638 billion for the veterans. Meanwhile, veterans could borrow up to 22.5% of the certificate’s face value from the fund; but in 1931 it was raised to 50%. Being it the Great Depression, many probably got behind in payments, sold them at depreciated values, and continued to pay interest on the loans.

  Retired Marine Corps Major General Smedley Butler, one of the most popular military figures of the time, visited their camp to back their effort and encourage them. On July 28 Washington ordered the veterans removed from all government property. Washington police, created during the September 11th riots,  met with resistance, and two veterans were wounded and later died. President Herbert Hoover then ordered General Douglas MacArthur to command the infantry and cavalry supported by six tanks led by General Paton of Hamilton, MA to attack the veterans of WWI. They were driven out with their wives and children and their shelters and belongings burned.

  The veterans fled across the Anacostia River to their largest camp, and President Herbert Hoover called an end to it. MacArthur ignored him and attacked. He claimed it was an attempt to overthrow the government; 55 veterans were injured and 135 arrested. They were attacked with tanks, bayonets, tear gas, and bullets. Afterward they would march to state line to state line after being removed by authorities.

  I served in all commissioned ranks from second lieutenant to Major General. And during that period I spent most of my time being a high-class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street and for the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer for capitalism. I suspected I was just part of the racket all the time. Now I am sure of it,” said Major General Smedley Butler. He received 16 military medals, 5 for valor, one of 19 men to receive the Medal of Honor twice. He wrote the 1935 exposé that linked business and the military titled War Is A Racket.  He served in Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico and Haiti (earning his Medals of Honor in Mexico and Haiti). Loved by his troops for his care of them he became the youngest Major General in the marines at 48.

   In the World War [I] a mere handful garnered the profits of the conflict. At least 21,000 new millionaires and billionaires were made in the United States during the World War….How many of these war millionaires shouldered a rifle?

  In 1934 the House Un-American Activities Committee called Butler to expose a coup against the government. Later it was called the Business Plot. He had been recruited by a group of wealthy Pro-Fascists who had hoped to use him in a coup against President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The heads of Chase Bank, GM, Goodyear, Standard Oil, the Dupont family, Felix Warburg, N.M. Rothschild & Sons, J.P. Morgan, and Senator Prescott Bush was believed to behind it. Felix Warburg was married to Jacob Henry Schiff’s daughter and he owned Kuhn, Loeb, & Co.  They would claim Roosevelt’s failing health would be the cause they engage the coup and would make Butler “Secretary of General Affairs”, while Roosevelt would have assumed a figurehead role.

  In 1785 Mayer Amschel Rothschild shared a 5 story house to engage in his gold enterprise called “The Green Shield” which he shared with the Schiff family. Schiff and Rothschild families were linked since their beginnings.

  Butler went along, gathering intelligence about the plot, and took it to Congress. Butler’s assertions were not aggressively pursued, and the matter was largely dismissed. However, an internal report to Congress from House Un-American Committee confirmed the veracity of the plot. Some thought it came about because on June 5, 1933 Roosevelt took us off the gold standard nullifying the right of creditors to demand payment in gold.

  In 1954 when the CIA led a coup against Arbenz government in Guatemala it was Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs John Moors Cabot who led it. He was a president of United Fruit also. Árbenz  continued social reforms which included a minimum wage law, increased educational funding and near-universal suffrage that Arévalo’s started.  The social reform policies, as well as instituting land reform, which sought to grant land to peasants who had been victims of debt slavery while United Fruit owned the country. America also sent in troops when Cabrera was overthrown. Nine years later Jorge Ubico took over and worked with United Fruit to keep the population down leading to executions, massacres, and forced labor. Conditions in Guatemala were so deplorable that Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf Sr. refused to help extend the police state in this nation.

  Back in 1889 Andrew Preston’s Boston Fruit Company merged with Minor Cooper Keith to from United Fruit Company which is now Chiquita Brands International. Henry Cabot Lodge, a descendant of the Salem smugglers and Essex Junto, was a director.  Cameron Forbes, a relation to Thomas H. Perkins, would also be a director. Thomas Dudley Cabot would become president. Thomas Jefferson Coolidge Jr. would become president as well after his father helped the company incorporate in NJ.  Thomas’ grandfather was Joseph Coolidge who was part of Russell & Co.

  Another forgotten hero was Henry Agard Wallace. Now you black and white film lovers might know him indirectly. The greatest Robert Riskin and Frank Capra films were based on him. Gary Cooper in Meet John Doe and Jimmy Stewart in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Even Wallace’s guru’s interest in Tibetan mysticism is in Lost Horizon.

  Henry Agard Wallace started as Secretary of Agriculture for President Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1933. He convinced farmers to hold back on yields to increase their prices to fight foreclosures during the Great Depression. He provided food stamps and school lunches. He created programs for land-use planning, soil conservation, and erosion control. He promoted research to combat plant and animal diseases, to locate drought-resistant crops and to develop hybrid seeds in order to increase  yields.  His plans helped commercial farming right down to subsistence farming.

  His father Henry Cantwell Wallace had that same post under Harding and Coolidge. When he was little George Washington Carver lived with them because he could not live at the dorm at Iowa State University when he was a student and then an instructor. He taught Wallace a lot on nature walks and on the farm before he went to the Tuskegee Institute when Wallace was 8. After attending Iowa State College at Ames Wallace  will go on to make a fortune with his High-Bred Corn company in 1926.

  In the 1930’s the Roosevelts and Wallace met the mystic and artist  Nicholas Roerich who had formed a distinct practice of Theosophy called Living Ethics. Roerich co-wrote the scenario for Igor Stravinsky’s 1913 avant garde ballet The Rite of Spring. Before meeting Wallace and the Roosevelt’s he traveled to Tibet and in 1930 published a book, Shambhala: In Search of the New Era, a collection of traditional legends of Tibetan Buddhism. Roerich lobbied for the protection of the world’s cultural, scientific, and artistic monuments from the ravages of war, a cause Wallace, along with such luminaries as Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, and H.G. Wells, among others, enthusiastically adopted. Franklin Delano Roosevelt was involved with Asian religions and mythology through the influence of his mother. I wonder if his grandfather brought these predilections back to his family while he was selling opium in China.

  A lot of the New Deal could be based on attitudes in a book called The Glory Road that Roosevelt introduced to Wallace. The Glory Road description says “the experience of the human race as it has tried to follow the road of truth while at the same time building up for itself a structure of civilization that will yield material wealth.” Many times these men would talk and write to each other while crafting New Deal legislature about concepts within the book. It was an informal guide or Bible to their actions.

    In 1940 Wallace was elected Vice President on Roosevelt’s third term. Many southern conservative Democrats disliked him as, “the hopelessly utopian, market-manipulating, bureaucracy-breeding New Deal.” They discredited him as a mystic. In many ways he was Jimmy Stewart in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington.

  Wallace was appointed chairman of the Board of Economic Warfare and of the Supply Priorities and Allocation Board in 1941 which became important during WWII. He but heads with Jesse H. Jones who was the Secretary of Commerce. One belief he had that went against Jones was that Latin American rubber production could be increased if the living standards were raised to reduce the incidence of chronic malnutrition and malaria increasing productivity. With the United States funding half the cost of these programs, Jones thought he was nuts.

  On May 8, 1942, Wallace delivered The Price of Free World Victory speech to the Free World Association in NYC. The speech, delivered during the darkest days of the war, came to be known as “the century of the common man.” It was a retort of Republican bonesman publisher  of Time and Life magazines, Henry Luce’s call for an “American Century”.  For Wallace the war was a conflict between the slave states and the free world.

  The concept of freedom, extraordinary emphasis on the dignity of the individual,” but only recently had it become a reality for large numbers of people. “Democracy is the only true political expression of Christianity,” he declared, adding that with freedom must come abundance. “Men and women can never be really free until they have plenty to eat, and time and ability to read and think and talk things over.

  The Idea of the Common Man and his speeches and the meek inheriting the Earth were central points to Riskin’s and Capra’s Meet John Doe. Unfortunately John Does demise in the film was inspired by real life.

  During Roosevelt’s 4th election Wallace was on his ticket again and held great sway during the first day of the National Democratic Convention. A scene right out of Meet John Doe, large crowds gathered to support Wallace with banners and cheers…then it all went wrong. The convention was abruptly ended because the event was deemed a fire hazard. By the next day democratic party bosses rallied against him and gained the vote for Henry Truman. Wallace became Secretary of Commerce.

   A month later Roosevelt dies during the war and the bombs are dropped on Japan. On the atom bomb Wallace said, “as long as the United States makes atomic bombs she will be looked upon as the world’s outstanding aggressor nation.” He thought the nuclear program should be controlled by civilian agencies and not military. In a speech delivered on April 12, 1946, Wallace distanced himself from the United States’ former wartime allies, stating that “aside from our common language and common literary tradition, we have no more in common with Imperialistic England than with Communist Russia” He did not like England and he once praised Russia. Unfortunately that praise led to his downfall when he realized Russia made a fool out of him after they hid the fact he visited a forced labor camp.

  He was the last of Roosevelt’s administration to be replaced. William Averell  Harriman would replace him as Secretary of Commerce.

  During his campaign against Truman for presidency he came in 4th of 4 with 2% of the vote and founded the Progressive Democratic Party. He also was riled through the press for some time afterward to the point the only person who was hated more than him was Lucky Luciano..

  Some of the things that ruined him politically was his opposition to the Cold War and racial segregation coupled with his support of labor unions, national health insurance, public works jobs and women’s equality. If there was not a fire hazard Hiroshima would have withstood. At the end of the war the Japanese were sending their first born male children from their wealthy families to commit suicide as kamikazes to save face. They had to soon surrender since their resources were spent. All they asked for was the ability to continue to worship their Emperor as a god. So there was no reason to have dropped the two bombs on them.

  The Depression ended during WWII when the government helped fund the training of several integrated workers in factories and  France was defeated in Germany forcing the allies to buy goods from America. Wallace and FDR kept America going till this had happened. Neither would be able to be in a position of power to see the Depression or the War end in its most beneficial stance, but the branches of the tree that took root in Salem were there to shape the nation to their needs…

To find out more and other fabulous stories about how Salem, MA shaped American History read Sub Rosa by Christopher Jon Luke Dowgin published by Salem House Press.